Arabica coffee (Coffea arabica), also known as mountain coffee or Java coffee, is the important meaning of the plant species from the coffee genus of the reddish family (Rubiaceae).

Coffea arabica grows as a shrub or tree and reaches maximum heights of almost 5 meters. The leaves opposite to each other on the branches are about 1 cm long. The dark green, glossy leaf blade is usually 5 to 20 cm long, elongated-elliptical or inverted-lanceolate-elongated with a pointed to a pointed upper end and a pointed base. The central rib raised on both sides of the leaf has 7 to 13 side nerves on both sides.

Inflorescence and flower

There are a few short, zymose inflorescences in the leaf axils, each containing about three flowers. The bract is deltoid with a length of about 3 mm. The flower stalk is about 4 mm long. The fragrant flowers are hermaphrodite and mostly five. The almost always five white petals are 7 to 10 mm long. The anthers are 7 to 8 mm long.

Coffee plant with the stone fruits "coffee cherry" of different stages of ripeness The so-called “coffee cherry” is an ellipsoidal or elongated stone fruit that is red when ripe and has one to five compartments, but is predominantly two to three compartments. Their seeds are the so-called coffee beans. There are usually two seeds in a fruit, which have a curved gap on their flat side.